Age and gender are basic variables of health and disease. Frequently, data reflecting the health status of population groups is shown separately for both men and women, and for different age groups. This helps ensure a correct interpretation of the overall data and time trends. Every public health system should take the age distribution and dynamics of its population into account.

In this section you can find information on:

  • population sizes by age and gender;
  • crude birth rates;
  • mother’s age distribution (percentage of births per age-group);
  • fertility rates;
  • population projections for EU countries.
  • Other issues, such as socio-economic factors, can be found under Determinants of health.